عنوان مقاله [English]
In these few decades, and especially The recent two decades, the debate over the date of arrival of Aryan populations on the Iranian plateau has been one of the topics in the world of historical and archaeological studies in Iran. There are two diferent historical-archaeological views in this regard, one of which is more common, the arrival of the Aryans is associated with the Iron Age and the late second millennium BC. Another theory traces the history of the presence of these peoples on the plateau to pre-Iron Age. Ghirshman, Cameron, Dyson and Young's articles form the basis for field examining the interpretations made in the first view and the third volume of Encyclopaedia of Kashan, analyzing the arguments of the second view in this article. The leading article, while examining and criticizing the arguments of the first theory, analyzes the critical reasons of the second view based on the Encyclopaedia of Kashan and the documents presented in it and analyzes each of these components. This, on the one hand, using the study methods available in the archaeomythology approach and, on the other hand, establishing a comparative-analytical study between the data cited in both theories and the data in the written sources of the Mesopotamians that have been overlooked by both sides, and then by stating the strengths and weaknesses of both views, introduces a third theory with a mediating view between the two perspectives.