عنوان مقاله [English]
This theologically-oriented study, entitled Ibn al-Furak debates with the Karamiyya in Ghazni (early fifth century AH), seeks to examine the reasons for those theological disputes that emerged and the similarities and differences between Ibn al-Furak's scholarly views and those of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni and Ibn al-Haytham.
In the first half of the third century AH, the Madhhab of Karamiya was developed by Muhammad ibn Karam.In the early fourth century, Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari established a new theological school of thought whose distinguishing feature was the defence of the beliefs of the Sunnis and the Companions of Hadith. Ultimately, Ibn al-Furak sacrificed his life in a vigorous scholastic battle to defend Ash'arite theology against those of other sects, notably the Karamiyya.
The findings of this study indicate that although Ibn al-Furak and Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni agreed on the notion of seeing God, they disagreed on whether this vision was in a particular manner.
Furthermore, Karamiya's attribution of the concept of the Prophetic mission's cessation to Ibn al-Furak was nothing more than a calumny.
Examining the ideological debates and differences between Ibn al-Furak and Ibn al-Haytham indicates The two scholars had great differences over other matters, such as the abode of God on his throne, the persistence of acquired attributes, the anthropomorphic attributes of God, the being creator or non-creator of the self-dependent characteristics of God, the similarity or contrast between the Creator and the creature, and whether the Qur'an is the direct word of God or His revelation.