عنوان مقاله [English]
Tourists are ambassadors of nations in the field of pre-modern culture and civilization. By traveling to unknown directions and invisible shores, regardless of their intentions, they have eased the difficulty and suffering of travel to a sociological and ontological point of view. A large part of our knowledge in the field of history and societies is the result of searches, observations and reports that have been left by tourists in the form of travelogues, such as the travelogues of Nasser Khosrow, Ibn Battuta, Klavikho and Delawala, each of which is appropriate. It is the basis of our awareness and knowledge of the quality of distant societies in the history and middle of Islamic civilization. With the coming to power of the Safavid dynasty, the number of tourists and travelogues increased, as the travelogues of Delavaleh, Chardin, Tavernier, etc. are among the most important sources of this period. Meanwhile, Pietro Delavalle, an Italian tourist, is one of the most famous Western tourists who entered the court of Shah Abbas Safavid with political intentions at the beginning of the seventeenth century, and after living in Iran for many years, next to the court and in direct contact with the people. , Portrayed a considerable volume of his observations and perceptions of Iranian culture and traditions with a sociological approach. This article tries to document and analyze parts of the sociological and ethnographic observations and judgments of this Italian tourist about Iranian customs based on his stay in Mazandaran.