نوع مقاله : علمی-پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری دانشگاه اصفهان، تاریخ
2 دانشیار دانشگاه اصفهان
3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه اصفهان
عنوان مقاله [English]
In 1820/1235, the British Raj of India found the misfortune defeats of Iran in Russo-Persian conflict on Caucasus an excellent opportunity to exalt its position in Persian Gulf and raise the piracy problem as a reasonable pretext; therefore it came to a treaty with some Arab Shaykhs of southern coasts of Persian Gulf which was named “General Treaty of Peace”. In contrast to their commitments in former treaties with Iran, here they entered the Shaykh of Bahrayn to these negotiations too. Iran’s protest to this action through Hossain ‘Ali Mirza, Governor of Shiraz, resulted in a new treaty (1822/1237) between him and Brus, the resident consul of Britain in Bushehr in this time. According this new treaty -which is central to our present survey- Britain recognized Iran’s territorial right over Bahrayn. But British Raj of India denied her commitments according to this treaty and labeled it as unfounded. Nevertheless, throughout 19th and 20th centuries this treaty was a firm evident for Iran in his territorial claims on Bahrayn. The present paper aims to explain if this treaty was a political gaffe of the English consul or a provisional devise to dispose of that situation.