نوع مقاله : علمی-پژوهشی
1 استادیار دانشگاه تهران
2 دانشجوی دکتری دانشگاه تهران، تاریخ
عنوان مقاله [English]
The present paper purported to carry on a comparative survey of Jamāl al-Dīn Asad Abādī and Hasan Hanafī’s ideas about the west within a theoretical-epistemological approach. Jamāl al-Dīn is known as the founder of a modern religious trend in Islamic thought known as “modern religious thinking”. This modern trend by its turn gave birth to another religious current under the title of “New-Mu’tazilism” which established by Amīn Khawlī. Hasan Hanafī whose ideas about west will be examined in next pages, now is a distinguished figure of this modern intellectual current. Central to this study is a comparative survey of Jamāl al-Dīn and Hanafī’s ideas about west and aims to give an explanation of the similarities and disparities of their attitudes to the west according to a theoretical-epistemological approach. The results show that Jamāl al-Dīn’s attitude is a rather utilitarian one and he is agreed with Muslims’ use of western technology. Moreover, he is a staunch critic of modern European schools of thought such as Nationalism, Socialism and Secularism, though he defends democracy. But Hanafī is a proponent of the western schools mentioned above except secularism. Nevertheless, he also justifies Jamāl al-Dīn in his attitude toward western technology; but in his idea all aspects of western civilization must be criticized in comparison to Islamic ones.