عنوان مقاله [English]
The constitutional revolution of Iran, at least in theory, prepared the conditions for people’s presence in bureaucratic affairs, and bureaucratic reform was central to the new devised constitutional law and its supplement. But unfortunately, in spite of some superficial changes, the intended purpose wasn’t accomplished sufficiently. The main obstacle to these reforms was an undisputed dominance of traditional autocratic addicts and its persistent opposition with any serious reform. Therefore, different forms of false addicts like blind submission to the despot, illegal procedures, flattery, etc., survived the new regime. Hence, we might ask that to what extent the manifested demands, ideas and practical behavior of pioneer constitutionalists-including their attempts to establish a lawful government- affected the bureaucracy and its management. The present paper aims to give an adequate answer to this question. Its method is based upon an analytical survey of the mutual interaction between “act” and “structure” in the course of social developments and it intends to further develop this survey within systemic approach.