عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
This study aims to discuss the social and cultural demands of women such as education, public hygiene, girls’ satisfactionon the occasion of marriage, the conditions of official engagement, and relinquishing women managerial affairs to themselves, fromthe time of Constitutional Revolution to Reza Shah Reign. The main sources of this study are women periodicals published during these periodsas they reflect women viewpoints in relation to the public culture. The findings of the study indicate that contrary to common beliefs, Iranian women, even after the 1921 Persian coupd'etatand Reza Shah Reign, made attempts forrequesting their demands in light of re-interpreting customs and rituals,as had been taken for granted by the public,and improving the publicmannerswithwomen. They particularly attempted for re-forming the violent manners which violated the women rights. Thus, the reformist women did notattempt for propagatingwhat were contradictory with the dominant cultural normsand religious civil laws. The hypothesis of this study is that civil rights concerning women especially the laws of marriage, divorce, inheritance, and property were originally religious laws which duringthe second period of Reza Shah Reignwere assembled and legitimized.