عنوان مقاله [English]
Although, a group of scholars decline to presume any specific relationship between literature, its aesthetic principles and social issues, and it is evident that a great deal of literary works have almost no relationship with social matters, still one of the main concerns of literary critics and social scientists is the relationship between literature and its aesthetic values with the social phenomena. Literature uses language as a means of expression and as Aristotle puts it, literature is a way to bring life on stage; so, it might be considered as a social reality and, actually it could be understood as a social institution; an institution with its own raison d’être and intended goals. Among the new literary schools, we might recognize a multidimensional bond between the appearance of Romanticism and political, social and historical developments of 18th and the early 19th centuries’ Europe. This school also, as many other modern ones, absorbed large groups of interested throughout the world. In Iran, especially during Pahlavīd period, it proved to be a strong trend in literary circles and particularly during 1320s and 1330s changed into the dominant intellectual trend. Finally, it seems the late 1330s and the early 1340s witnessed the beginning of Persian romanticism’s sunset. Admitting the interactional effects of literature and society, the present study concerned mainly with the developments of Iranian romanticism and attempts to give an explanation of the socio-political milieu of Pahlavīd era (during the last years of 1330’s) and its effect on the growth of romantic tendencies in modern Persian poetry.