عنوان مقاله [English]
As soon as Muzaffar al-Din Shah issued the command of constitution, attempts were made to establish the new order through the formation of a parliament to represent the Iranian nation. This objective required that the election law be written by a special council. It was called “Supreme Council” or “Supreme Council of the Court”. Lack of research in this regard and the unresolved ambiguities about the council makes one ask why the Supreme Council of the Court was established, who its members were, how they were elected, and what duties it had.
This article uses descriptive-explanatory method and taps primary sources to answer these questions. The results suggested thatthe Supreme Council of the Courtpassed the election law, supervised the election process, and, thus, played an important role inIran’stransitionto a constitutional regime.