عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
The newspaper is one of the most effective tools in critically examining the conditions of society.
In Iran, the Qajar era, in spite of the emergence of political and social barriers, few newspapers reflected on the critical and suggestive issues that led to the transformation of various social arenas.This process of transformation was more serious in the days leading up to the constitution.Tarbiat was one of the few newspapers that could survive a long time because of the overwhelming conservative spirit. According to Mohammad Hossein Foroughi, editor-in-chief of the newspaper, the root of all the turmoil and backwardness of the Qajar era was to go back to ignorance.