عنوان مقاله [English]
The artistic ties between Iran and Europe were culminated in the 11th century AD, following the establishment of political and trade relations between the Safavid sultans, in particular, Shah Abbas I and the European countries, including the Habsburg Empire. Hence, the political and commercial delegations of the two empires came to the conclusion of political and commercial contracts. Of other events of the 11th century AD, one can refer to the arrival of European travelers to the Iran of the Safavid era, which played a significant role in making Iran known to Europeans by writing some reports on Iran and its historical monuments. Therefore, using a descriptive-analytical method and library resources, this research examines the historical backgrounds that led to cultural-civilization transactions, especially in the field of architecture between Iran and Austria during the Safavid period, and it also investigates the influences by which this art has exerted on the architecture of the city of Vienna, the capital of Austria. The research findings indicate that during the Safavid period, influenced by the ways of communicating with Europe, artistic themes, especially the art of Iran, through political delegations and the publication of travelogues of tourists in Europe, were transmitted to Europe. Accordingly, inspired by these architectural themes, some of the Austrian architects built such mansions as the Schönbrunn Palace, the Belvedere Palace, the Palace of the KlessHaim, and the Church of St. Charles gained from the architecture of Esfahan in Austria.